Phase One: Define (or Refine) Key Desired Primary Outcomes and Research Questions

Key Question

How can I use the PYD Measurement Framework to help me select the key primary outcomes and research questions?

Primary outcomes are what you hope to achieve at the end of your youth program and should be related to your overall program goal. The research question is likely to be whether the activities and outcomes of the program lead to a change in your primary outcomes of interest. Most of the primary outcomes for youth programs, including those funded by USAID, are sector-specific, e.g. increased access to vocational education, increased participation in the political process, increased use of contraception. However, some programs may have PYD-specific primary outcomes, for example, youth participating in civil society, or improved communication skills.
If you can refine or even choose the primary outcomes and research questions, the PYD Measurement Framework (see table below) can guide that process.

Table: How to Use the PYD Framework to Define Primary Outcomes and Research Questions

Do you have more questions about the toolkit?  See our Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) section or visit the PYD glossary.

Go to:

• Home: PYD toolkit
• A framework for measuring PYD
• A set of illustrative PYD indicators
• Application of PYD framework and indicators at each phase of a program design and evaluation:
                Phase 1. Define (or refine) key desired outcomes or research questions
                Phase 2. Determine PYD features and beneficiaries of the program
                Phase 3. Finalize the logic model
                Phase 4. Decide what to measure, and how (study design and indicators)
                Phase 5. Analyze the data, disseminate the findings and adapt your program
• Considerations for adapting measures cross-culturally
• Additional resources and references 
• FAQs
• PYD Glossary