Conceptual Framework for Measuring School-Related Gender-Based Violence

Conceptual Framework for Measuring School-Related Gender-Based Violence

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This conceptual framework and toolkit for measuring SRGBV has been commissioned by the U.S. Agency for International Development’s (USAID’s) Bureau for Africa, Office of Sustainable Development, Education Division (AFR/SD/ED), under the Opportunities for Achievement and Safety in Schools (OASIS) program. In support of the USAID Education Strategy, the Office of Sustainable Development’s Regional Development Cooperation Strategy (RDCS), and the United States Strategy to Prevent and Respond to Gender-Based Violence. Globally, the OASIS program aims to contribute to reducing barriers to quality education and learning for students and out-of-school youth, focusing on school-related gender-based violence (SRGBV) as one such barrier. The OASIS program is designed to strengthen the capacity of USAID and other stakeholders to effectively address SRGBV by generating evidence, fostering better capability to generate such evidence, improving coordination, and increasing awareness.

The OASIS program encompasses the following activities:
Generating data that contribute to understanding the causes, incidence, and effects of SRGBV: The OASIS program will support large-scale, gender-sensitive comparative research in developing countries by working with existing national surveys to include more refined questions on school violence. In addition, the program will analyze data from existing large-scale surveys to better understand the causes and effects of SRGBV and will support rigorous evaluations of SRGBV intervention programs to test the impact on educational achievement.

Strengthening the capacity of USAID and other stakeholders to address and monitor SRGBV: A major challenge to generating reliable, comparable data is the lack of globally recognized definitions and categorizations of the sub-types of SRGBV. The OASIS program aims to fill this gap by supporting the development of a standardized measurement framework that can serve as a foundation for program impact evaluations and other research around SRGBV. The conceptual framework will be developed in partnership with other U.S. Government (USG) and non-USG stakeholders.

Improving stakeholder coordination: The OASIS program aims to facilitate the coordination of efforts across USAID and partner with national and international education stakeholders.

Increasing awareness of SRGBV among stakeholders: The OASIS program aims to disseminate research findings strategically, develop talking points and fact sheets, and partner with national and international education stakeholders to include this issue in the agenda of key meetings and conferences.

This conceptual framework and toolkit for measuring SRGBV is a contribution to the second objective of OASIS: strengthening the capacity of USAID and other stakeholders to address and monitor SRGBV. Through the use of the conceptual framework and toolkit’s companion piece titled Literature Review on School-Related Gender-Based Violence: How it is Defined and Studied, the toolkit is expected to significantly help to build capacity in the international development community to measure SRGBV and track success in reducing it. iv Conceptual Framework for Measuring School-Related Gender-Based Violence Together, activities under the OASIS program will inform and promote programs for a safe learning environment that is free of violence and abuse—an “oasis” for working, teaching, and learning without fear.

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