Violence, Development, and Emigration:
Evidence from Central American Children Detained in the United States
This Brief presents results from a study funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) to examine relationships between rates of violence (measured by homicides per 100,000 people, per year) and rates of UAC apprehensions (per 100,000, per year) in the United States between 2011 and 2016. The study finds that a higher homicide rate in a municipality in the region leads to a greater UAC apprehension rate, all else equal. Importantly, the average municipality’s UAC apprehension rate is explained as much by recent increases in homicides there as by average income, poverty, and unemployment rates.